"We are seeing a dangerously high rate of pedestrian injuries and fatalities across the country, so it's promising to see cities like Seattle dedicating the necessary resources to ensure the safety of their citizens," said David Melton, managing director of global safety and driving safety expert with Liberty Mutual Insurance. "The goal of the Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Index is to recognize the U.S. cities that are taking exceptional measures to keep their streets safe and to help others across the country learn from those best practices."
The Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Index is based on published government data and a consumer perception survey of more than 2,500 adults. Based on these factors, Seattle, Boston and Washington, D.C. rose to the top of the list as the safest cities for pedestrians, followed by San Francisco and New York:
Top 15 Safest U.S. Cities for Pedestrians:
1. Seattle, Wash.
2. Boston, Mass.
3. Washington, D.C.
4. San Francisco, Calif.
5. New York, N.Y.
6. Portland, Ore.
7. Pittsburgh, Pa.
8. Minneapolis, Minn.
9. Chicago, Ill.
10. Atlanta, Ga.
11. Denver, Colo.
12. Philadelphia, Pa.
13. Baltimore, Md.
14. Columbus, Ohio
15. Los Angeles, Calif.
Survey respondents cite adequate traffic signs, high visibility crosswalks, adequate signal time to cross streets and street lighting, among some of the key components for pedestrian safety. The cities at the top of the list have made these safety features a priority, in addition to other initiatives and programs focused on keeping pedestrians safe.
Best Practices from the Top Ranked Cities
Cities that rank the highest boast a combination of legislation and smart city planning. A 2013 Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Survey found that use of technology is the leading cause of distracted pedestrian and driving behaviors. The leading cities in the Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Index have laws in place to either limit or ban texting and talking on the phone while driving. In addition to strict cell phone rules, many have also implemented rigorous safety programs and invested heavily in infrastructure to better protect pedestrians.
- In Boston, pedestrians walk safely thanks to the installation of 195 traffic-monitoring cameras, more than 3,600 public safety signs posted annually, and more than 90 city traffic signals retimed in 2013. Residents have taken note of the city's efforts with 97 percent reporting that the city is proactive in fostering pedestrian safety.
- The Washington D.C. Department of Transportation has implemented a number of programs aimed at improving the safe flow of city-wide vehicles, pedestrians and bicycles to reduce traffic injuries and accidents. New LED lights have brightened the city streets and the number of bike lanes is expanded each year. These improvements have not gone unnoticed – 95 percent of surveyed Metro D.C. residents agree that the city is taking measures to ensure safety.
- While four of five San Franciscans consider the city a safe place for pedestrians, 96 percent of those surveyed agree that the city is proactively working to improve safety. Last April, Mayor Ed Lee released the Pedestrian Strategy to reduce pedestrian traffic fatalities by 25 percent by 2016, and 50 percent by 2021 by focusing on fixing 44 miles of the city's most dangerous streets.
- Nearly 2.5 million people commute on foot and by public transportation each day in New York City, and 90 percent of those surveyed consider the city to be safe for pedestrians, and another 95 percent agree the city is proactive in ensuring safety. The New York City Department of Transportation's commitment to improving safety includes hundreds of traffic calming projects, education campaigns, technological applications, stronger regulations, improved street markings and signage, and an expanded network of red light cameras. The city's efforts are working, and since 2004 New York City has boasted the lowest number of annual traffic deaths since 1910.
- Portland has empowered citizens to play an important role in increasing safety with the establishment of the Portland Pedestrian Advisory Committee, a standing citizen advisory group active since the early 1990s, working to make the city better and safer for pedestrians. The committee's efforts appear to be effective, as 97 percent of residents and commuters agree that the city is working to keep pedestrians safe.
Aggressive goals to reduce traffic accidents, infrastructure investment and a focus on school zones are the hallmarks of high-ranking cities for pedestrian safety. Cities that score the highest on the Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Index have taken innovative and proactive approaches to ensuring the safety of their walking citizens.
Pedestrians and Drivers Must Stay Vigilant
City management, drivers and pedestrians share the responsibility of keeping people safe. Drivers and pedestrians can take simple steps to do so:
- Put away the phone! Any cell phone use behind the wheel impairs one's driving abilities. If you must use your phone while driving, find a safe place to pull off the road to take a call or answer a text.
- Constant awareness. Continually scan the road and sides of the road for bicyclists, pedestrians, construction, traffic congestion or erratic drivers. Road activity can change at any minute.
- Use caution and slow down. When driving in residential areas, school zones and when approaching crosswalks, always drive slowly and be prepared to stop quickly.
- Avoid using your phone while walking. Keep texting, emailing or browsing the Internet to a minimum while walking, and always put down the phone when crossing the street. Avoid the use of headphones and loud music while walking and crossing the street to ensure you can hear motorists approaching.
- Observe all pedestrian traffic safety rules. Never jaywalk; use sidewalks and designated crosswalks, and always wait for the walk sign before crossing at lights.
- Look both ways! It's the first rule children are taught, yet adults often forget it. Even when there is a walk signal or stop sign, look both ways and be aware when crossing the street.
- Make yourself visible to motorists. Wear light colored clothing and outerwear with reflective patches so drivers can see you on the road. If your children walk to school, make sure their backpacks and shoes have reflective patches. If you must walk on a roadway, walk on the right side of the street so you're facing traffic.
"Our research demonstrates that people realize the danger of risky behaviors, such as texting or talking on a phone while walking or driving, but the majority of Americans adopts an 'it won't happen to me' attitude," said Melton. "The Liberty Mutual Insurance Pedestrian Safety Index reveals that the combination of simple, yet essential, city-wide safety features - from lighted crosswalks to bike lanes, attentive pedestrians, and a zero-tolerance policy for cell phone use behind the wheel means safer cities for pedestrians."